Cybersecurity is a critical aspect of protecting an organisation’s digital assets and maintaining the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of its information systems. To effectively manage cybersecurity risks, organisations need to monitor a variety of cybersecurity metrics. These metrics can help organisations identify potential threats, assess the effectiveness of their cybersecurity controls, and track compliance with industry regulations and best practices. In this article, we will discuss several key cybersecurity metrics that organisations should monitor:
Network traffic metrics provide organisations with visibility into the flow of data across their networks. This includes metrics such as traffic volume, bandwidth utilisation, and the number of connections. Monitoring network traffic metrics can help organisations identify patterns of unusual or suspicious activity, such as a spike in traffic from a specific IP address or a sudden increase in traffic volume.
Endpoint security metrics pertain to the security of the devices that are connected to an organisation’s network. This includes metrics such as the number of malware infections, the number of successful and unsuccessful login attempts, and the number of software updates applied. Monitoring endpoint security metrics can help organisations identify vulnerabilities in their devices and track the effectiveness of their endpoint security controls.
Vulnerability management metrics pertain to the identification and management of vulnerabilities in an organisation’s information systems. This includes metrics such as the number of vulnerabilities identified, the number of vulnerabilities patched, and time-to-patch. Monitoring vulnerability management metrics can help organisations prioritise the most critical vulnerabilities and track the effectiveness of their vulnerability management processes.
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Incident response metrics pertain to the detection and response to cybersecurity incidents. This includes metrics such as the number of incidents detected, time to detect, and time to respond. As per the experts at Risk Xchange, “Monitoring incident response metrics can help organisations track the effectiveness of their incident response plans and identify areas for improvement.”
Compliance metrics pertain to an organisation’s compliance with industry regulations and best practices. This includes metrics such as the number of compliance audits conducted, the number of non-compliance issues identified, and time-to-remediate. Monitoring compliance metrics can help organisations ensure that they are meeting regulatory requirements and protecting against legal liabilities.
User education and training metrics pertain to the training and education of an organisation’s employees in cybersecurity best practices. This includes metrics such as the number of employees trained, the number of security awareness incidents and the number of employees that passed security awareness tests. Monitoring user education and training metrics can help organisations identify areas where employee training may be lacking and track the effectiveness of their cybersecurity awareness programs.
Cybersecurity monitoring is essential for organisations to maintain the integrity and security of their information systems. By monitoring these key cybersecurity metrics, organisations can identify potential threats and assess the effectiveness of their cybersecurity controls, ultimately minimising the risk.